The In's and Out's of Investing in Real Estate
Updated: Apr 9
The Real Estate Investor
A real estate investor makes money through real estate. An active investor that is good at analysing real estate market values and trends can become very wealthy. Investors use several different methods to turn a profit in the real estate market. This article discusses the following types of real estate investments: development properties, distressed properties, fixer-uppers, long-term investments and rentals.
Real estate investors that specialise in developing properties are often called developers. Developers purchase bare land and build on it. Alternatively, they may purchase land with an existing structure and tear it down to build a new structure, or add more structures to the property. The developer builds on the property and sells the developed property for a profit. A small development can consist of a small block of land that one house is built on. A large development can consist of an apartment complex, office complex or a retail complex.
Some real estate investors look for properties that are in threat of foreclosure, are in foreclosure, or have been foreclosed on and are bank owned. These types of properties are called distressed properties because the owner of the property is close to losing their home. Investors can often purchase these properties for less than their market value, because the owners are desperate to get out of a property that they cannot afford.
For instance, if the seller purchased a house for $300,000 and has paid $250,000 off of the home loan, he may sell to the investor for $260,000 and lose the majority of the money he has paid into the property. The seller takes the loss to prevent a foreclosure on his credit file. Investors can usually purchase bank-owned properties for a fraction of the market value, because the bank often is just looking to recoup the remaining balance owed on the loan before foreclosure.
Real estate investors often purchase fixer-upper properties, fix them and sell them for a profit. Fixer-upper properties are usually a quick turnaround investment. The investor purchases the property, quickly has the repairs done, and instantly puts the property back up for sale.
Long-term investments are properties that the investor buys and holds on to for a long time. Investors buy the property when the market is down and sell it when the market is high. Another strategy is to buy a property in an area that has very little development and wait for the area to grow in population. Once the population and development start to increase, the property is worth more money and the investor sells it.
Investors usually rent out properties that they are keeping for long-term investments. The rental income helps to pay for the property while it sits. One strategy that many investors use is to sell a house with owner financing. This is a popular strategy in a down market. Say the investor wants to sell a property, but the market is down. The investor offers the property to sell with owner financing. People with poor credit who cannot obtain a conventional loan through a bank will often overpay for a house that is offered for sale with owner financing.
This article is for general informational purposes only and must not be taken as legal, financial or any other professional advice. We recommend obtaining advice specific to your situation before making decisions relating to your investment property and financial position.
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